Sore throat is a disease which may be caused by flu and common cold. Sometime the sore throat may be a result of the bacterial infection. The viral infections that can lead to sore throat are croup, chickenpox, measles, mononucleosis, flu and common cold. Bacterial infections which may lead to bacterial infection are diphtheria which is a serious respiratory illness and it is rare in the industrialized nation but it is found in the developing countries. Whooping cough is also a contagious respiratory tract infection and strep throat is a result of the bacterium which is called streptococcus Group A and streptococcus pyogenes.
You Can also Get a Sore Throat from Other Causes
Allergies that come from pollen, dust, molds and pet dander may lead to the sore throat. A problem can get worse and it may be complicated because of the postnasal drip and it can inflame and irritate your throat.
Dryness can lead to the sore throat if the indoor air is dry especially during the winter since the buildings are heated. The throat can be scratchy or rough especially during morning when someone just wakes up. Breathing takes place in the mouth and it is a chronic nasal congestion which may lead to sore or dry throat.
Irritants are found in the outdoor air pollution and they may lead to ongoing throat irritation. The indoor pollution is caused by chemical or smoke which may also cause the sore throat. When you chew tobacco or when you eat spicy foods and drink alcohol may irritate the throat.
Muscle strain can cause the sore throat since the muscle can strain as it happens in the legs and arms. When you yell at a sporting event or when you try to talk to someone if there is noise or when you talk for a long period without any rest, it may lead to hoarseness and sore throat.
Health Problems that Lead to a Sore Throat
Gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD is a digestive disorder where the acid in the stomach and other content back up into the food pipe. Other symptoms or signs of the heartburn are hoarseness, heartburn or regurgitation of the stomach content with the sensation of the lump into the throat.
HIV infection can lead to flu-like symptoms including the sore throat. They may appear early as soon as someone has been infected. People, who suffer HIV, may have recurring and chronic sore throat as a symptom of secondary infection. The common problem can include the fungal infections which are caused by cytomegalovirus or oral thrush.
This is a common viral infection which can be serious in the people who have immune system that has been compromised. Tumors of the voice box, tongue or throat of the larynx may lead to the sore throat which may be accompanied by lump within the neck, noisy breathing, difficulty swallowing and hoarseness.
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