Diabetics depend upon the diet they take. Healthy food is a great way of keeping diabetes away. It ensures insulin hormone grows. This hormone works towards controlling the blood sugar. As a diabetic, you must avoid fatty foods like butter, mayonnaise or cheese. Other alternatives that are helpful in controlling blood glucose level include steamed, roasted or grilled food. Here are top five foods for a diabetic that play a great role in controlling blood glucose level.
The body tends to turn carbohydrates into glucose. Glucose produces fuel or energy needed by body cells. Most foods contain carbohydrates except fish, poultry and meat. Carbohydrates are of two types; starches (complex carbs) such as rice, pasta and beans. The other type is simple carbohydrates. This refers to sugars from vegetables, fruits, white table sugar and honey. As a diabetic, you must be conversant with carbohydrates. Your diet should contain higher levels of complex carbohydrates. Simple carbohydrates tend to raise the level of blood sugar more quickly.
Whole grains and complex carbs are great for diabetics because of their fiber content. Refined foods tend to raise blood sugar levels and fiber has been stripped off. Health benefits of fiber include lowering cholesterol, reduce risks of heart-related diseases, relieve constipation, help reduce weight, etc. These foods are also great in controlling blood sugar levels. This means fiber helps prevent or overcome diabetes.
Diabetic diets are very different. While some diabetics are advised to consume more fats, some have to eat less fat. Diabetics must consult the doctor regarding the amount of fat content to consume. Note that consuming more carbohydrates and less healthy fats increases triglycerides levels and this increases chances of suffering from a heart disease. Protein and fat do not raise sugar levels as fast as carbs. Healthy fats include olive oil, various nuts, avocado, etc. The antioxidants in these foods are great in managing the condition.
Vitamins and Minerals:
Complications that arise from diabetes affect the blood vessels, eyes, nerves, etc. Certain vitamins lead to healthier nerves, blood vessels and eyes. The best foods are those containing mineral zinc, Vitamin C and E. These minerals and vitamins are antioxidants that prevent cells from being damaged by free radicals. When cells are damaged by free radicals, complications such as heart disease and nerve damage are likely to occur. Chromium is also a mineral that ensure better management of blood sugar levels. The best sources of this mineral include grape fruit, fortified breakfast cereals, broccoli, etc. Chromium also enhances insulin’s action in the body.
Drink More Water:
Diabetics need to drink 8- 10 glasses of regular water. The water is best when taken regularly for it to be effective in controlling blood glucose level.